Moscow disappointed by content of new US Nuclear Doctrine

Moscow disappointed by content of new US Nuclear Doctrine

For the first time publicly, the review also says that Russian Federation is developing a hypersonic, nuclear-powered undersea torpedo.

Under then-Defense Secretary James Schlesinger, the United States sought an alternative to mutually assured destruction, under which any use of nuclear weapons between the US and Soviet Union would result in both countries being annihilated, Saunders said in an interview with Task & Purpose on Friday.

According to the review, "expanding flexible US nuclear options now, to include low-yield options, is important for the preservation of credible deterrence against regional aggression".

In reality, low-yield weapons would be useless with respect to Russian Federation, who has its own large nuclear arsenal, making nuclear exchanges unthinkable. The U.S. has mostly gotten rid of these weapons and the Pentagon worries this could be viewed as an "exploitable gap" because the choice would be between a much-larger nuclear attack or a less-lethal attack with smaller weapons.

Significant and sustained investments in personnel and funding at the nation's nuclear weapons laboratories are among a number of priorities outlined by the Trump administration Friday in an updated policy approach for how the United States will develop and potentially deploy nuclear weapons.

Selva, the vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the review was consistent with US policy dating back decades.

Where the new review parts company with its predecessor is in calling for the development of new, less powerful nuclear warheads (known as "low-yield) to put on submarine-launched ballistic missiles and, in the longer term, a new submarine-launched nuclear cruise missile".

"Rather, by convincing adversaries that even limited use of nuclear weapons will be more costly than they can tolerate, it in fact raises that threshold", the NPR said.

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In addition, a new nuclear-armed cruise missile launched from naval vessels would be developed, a process likely to take years.

The Obama administration sought to shrink the role of nuclear weapons in USA defense strategy.

Under these definitions, the desire to pursue two new US nuclear systems-low-yield penetrating SLBMs and nuclear-tipped SLCMs-could further undermine strategic and crisis stability.

The review largely confirms the wide-ranging modernisation programme that Barack Obama approved in exchange for Senate ratification of the New START strategic arms-control treaty with Russian Federation. Steven Andreasen was the National Security Council's staff director for defense policy and arms control from 1993 to 2001 and teaches at the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs.

"We would like President Trump to visit the bombed sites and start to seek a world without nuclear weapon", Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui said.

The policy update was meant to "look reality in the eye" and "see the world as it is, not as we wish it to be", said Defense Secretary James Mattis. These new capabilities and plans, according to the NPR, require the United States to make clear its commitment to deter such attacks by Russian Federation. "It is said that Russian Federation can launch a nuclear strike, that Russian Federation does not comply with global treaties - they mention among others the Treaty on short-and intermediate-range missiles, . of course, they mention issues of tactical nuclear weapons", Antonov said.

According to the report, the U.S. will continue its efforts to minimise the number of nuclear weapons states, including by maintaining credible US-extended nuclear deterrence and assurance; and deny terrorist organisations access to nuclear weapons and materials.

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